Cotton-stripping time in West Texas
By Alice Liles
Alice’s Note: This story first appeared in my blog The Bright Lights of Muleshoe on November 9, 2010, a year the Muleshoe area had a very productive cotton season. This year has seen its share of hail, poorly-timed rainfall, and premature defoliation due to a lack of hot dry days.
But cotton-picking time is upon us again, and while this year’s crop may be decent but not above average like in 2010, the timing seems right to take a look at the process as I learned about it while writing this article.
According to the soulful lyrics of Summertime*, “-the livin’ is easy, fish are jumpin’ and the cotton is high,” but for cotton farmers in West Texas, autumn is the time when the livin’ is busy, the strippers are runnin’, and the cotton is loaded and headed to the gin.
By the time it occurred to me that this year’s crop deserved to be discussed, many of the fields had already been stripped; where green cotton stalks had stood, white and loaded with fluffy white bolls, now defoliated naked brown stalks surrounded large nubby white rectangular modules strung out like a new housing development. But I found a few shots to share with you to give you an idea of what a good cotton crop looks like in the field.
Mike Riley at Central Compress in Sudan said cotton farmers were experiencing sort of a perfect storm this year. They enjoyed good rains with only a little loss from hail and rain which produced good yields. Overseas production was down due to bad weather in China and Pakistan and other cotton-producing countries, so the cotton supply wa
s low-remember the theory of supply and demand? This meant the price was really good, $1.30-1.50 a pound, which is unheard of since $.50 is pretty standard and $1.00 is considered high. A bale of cotton is typically around 500 pounds, so do the math. It’s going to be a banner year for
cotton farmers who have done their homework and their fields are
producing lots of modules.
Module Truck Conventional Wisdom says a farmer can expect eight bales of cotton to a module, give or take, and there is no telling how many modules are being gathered per acre this year. The tally is still out since the stripping is not finished. And then there are variables to consider: variety of cotton planted; who stripped and how thorough they were; who ginned it, which all plays a part in how much cotton winds up in the module and then the bale.
The cotton is stripped by the cotton stripping machine, dumped into the boll buggy, which is then dumped into the module builder. Many loads are pressed into a module, then loaded into the module truck and taken to the gin to be processed into a cotton bale.
Cotton is dumped into the module builder, from which large pressed rectangular blocks of cotton are formed and taken to the gin.
The modules are lined up as they wait to be ginned.
Muleshoe Co-op Gin is one of the area ginning facilities.
So I think it will be safe to predict, with apologies to songwrit
ers Gershwins and DeBose, that Ma may be good-lookin’, but Daddy’s definitely gonna be rich, so cotton-farmer babies, you won’t need to cry.
“Summertime,” from the opera Porgy and Bess. Lyrics and music by Heyward DeBose, George and Ira Gershwin; 1935.
To read the complete story and see all the photographs, go to www.aliceliles.com . and type Cotton-Stripping Time in West Texas in the Search line.